Burning sensation around the anus can be an uncomfortable symptom caused by various anorectal conditions such as hemorrhoids, anal tears, fissures, etc. Anal burning can be very uncomfortable and interrupt your daily routine.
Treatment for anal burning may vary for each individual, depending on the condition’s underlying cause.
In this blog, we will explore the reasons for burning sensation around the anus and the treatment options available, including home remedies and lifestyle changes.
Common Causes of Burning Around the Anus
There are various causes of burning in the anus. Some common reasons for anal burning include;
Hemorrhoids, commonly known as piles, are swollen veins in the rectum and anus. They can occur due to various reasons including constipation, pregnancy, obesity and prolonged sitting. Hemorrhoids (piles) can be internal or external and can cause discomfort, pain and bleeding during bowel movements. One of the symptoms of hemorrhoids is a burning sensation around the anus. This sensation is caused by the irritation of the swollen veins.
Other symptoms of Hemorrhoids (Piles) are:
- Pain while passing stool
- Severe pain, itching and discomfort in anal area
- Pus or fluid discharge from the anus
- Bloody stool or on the toilet paper after wiping
Treatment options for burning sensation in anus caused by piles may include over-the-counter creams, ointments, and suppositories, as well as changes in diet and lifestyle. In severe cases, surgical intervention i.e. rubber band ligation, or hemorrhoidectomy, is necessary.
Read More – How Piles Look Like
An anal fissure is a tear or cut in the lining of the anus. This can be caused by passing hard stools, diarrhea, or childbirth. Anal fissure can cause burning sensation around the anus.
Additional symptoms of anal fissures:
- Tiny cuts and cracks in the anal area.
- An outgrowth of anal skin around the tear
- Burning sensation in the anus
- Severe pain near the anus, especially while passing stool.
- Blood in the stool or on the toilet paper after wiping
- Itchiness in the anal area
Treatment options for an anal fissure may include pain medication, stool softeners etc. In severe cases, the doctor may suggest surgical treatment, lateral internal sphincterotomy (LIS).
Read More – Anal Fissure Treatment at Home
Constipation is a common digestive disorder characterized by infrequent bowel movements or difficulty passing stools. It is typically caused by a lack of fiber in the diet, dehydration, or a sedentary lifestyle. One of the symptoms of constipation is a burning sensation near the anus, which can be caused by the passage of hard, dry stools.
Other symptoms of constipation are:
- Hard and dry bowel movements.
- Pain in anal area while pooping
- Frequent and constant urge to poop
- Bloating or cramping in the abdomen area
Some lifestyle changes and home remedies can provide relief from the burning sensation around anus caused by constipation.
Proctitis is a condition characterized by inflammation of the rectum, which can cause discomfort and irritation. Proctitis can be caused by various factors, including infections, inflammatory bowel disease, and radiation therapy. One of the common symptoms of proctitis is burning sensation in the rectum or anus.
Other symptoms of Proctitis are:
- Pain when passing stool
- Constant diarrhea
- Blood when passing stool
- Mucus or pus-like discharge from the anus
- Frequent urge to poop
Treatment for burning sensation around the anus caused by proctitis typically involves addressing the underlying cause of the inflammation and may include medications, lifestyle changes, or surgery in severe cases.
IBD (Inflammatory bowel disease)
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) refers to a group of chronic conditions that affect the digestive tract. The two main types of IBD are Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis.
Symptoms of IBD:
- Abdominal pain
- Burning anus
- Weight loss
- Bloody stool
- Feeling tired all the time
If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to make some lifestyle changes and take medicines as per the consult of the doctor.
Diarrhea is a condition that involves frequent and watery bowel movements. It can be caused by a various factors such as infection, food intolerance, and inflammatory bowel disease. It does not always burn the anus but excessively wiping the anal area can lead to skin irritation and a burning sensation around the anus.
Symptoms of diarrhea:
- Burning anus
- Abdominal cramps
It is important to seek medical attention if diarrhea persists for more than a few days or is accompanied by other symptoms such as fever or dehydration.
Endometriosis is a medical condition that affects the tissue lining the uterus, called the endometrium. This tissue can grow in other areas of the body, such as the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and even the bowel or bladder. One of the symptoms of endometriosis is an anal burning sensation, which can be caused by the growth of endometrial tissue in the rectum or lower bowel.
Symptoms of Endometriosis:
- Painful periods
- Pelvic pain
- Pain during sex
- Heavy period flow
Endometriosis can be treated with medication or surgery, depending on the severity of the condition.
Chlamydia or Syphilis
Chlamydia and Syphilis are two types of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Chlamydia is caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis and Syphilis is caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum. One of the symptoms of Chlamydia or Syphilis can be a burning sensation in the anus and urinary tract.
Symptoms of Chlamydia include
- Pain during urination,
- Discharge from the penis or vagina
- Pain or bleeding during sex
- Anal rashes
- Swollen lymph
It is important to get tested and treated for STIs to prevent further spread and potential health complications.
Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)
Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) is a common sexually transmitted infection that affects both men and women. It is highly contagious and can be transmitted through skin-to-skin contact during sexual activity. HPV can cause a range of symptoms, including anal burning sensation.
Other symptoms of Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) are:
- Anal itching
If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to see a healthcare provider for diagnosis and treatment.
Anal or Rectal Cancer
Anal or rectal cancer is a type of cancer that affects the tissues of the anus or rectum. It is a serious condition that requires prompt medical attention. Anorectal cancer can also cause burning sensation in the anus. It is important to seek medical attention immediately in order to receive a proper diagnosis and treatment plan.
Anal itching and burning in the anus are diagnosed by a proctologist based on your health history and symptom description. A rectal exam may be necessary to check for specific causes like hemorrhoids or anal fissures.
If an STI is suspected, a swab of the area may be done to test for infections.
Skin scrapings can be sent for evaluation if a fungal infection is suspected.
Home Remedies and Lifestyle Changes to Relieve Burning around the Anus
Listed below are the home remedies and suggestions to make lifestyle changes to relieve the burning sensation in the anus.
- Use a cold compress: Applying a cold compress to the affected area can provide immediate relief from burning and itching.
- Sitz baths: Soaking in warm water can help soothe the area and provide relief from burning around the anus.
- Apply coconut oil: Coconut oil has anti-inflammatory properties that can help reduce burning and inflammation around the anus.
- Use aloe vera: Aloe vera has cooling properties and can help soothe the skin around the anus.
- Buttermilk: Buttermilk is a popular home remedy for anal burning. It is said to have a cooling effect on the affected area and can provide relief from discomfort. Drinking a glass of buttermilk daily may help alleviate symptoms.
- Cranberry juice: Cranberry juice has been known to alleviate symptoms of anal burning. It is recommended to drink a glass of cranberry juice daily to help reduce discomfort and promote healing.
- Figs: Figs are known to help alleviate anal burning. They are high in fiber and have a natural laxative effect which can help soothe any discomfort.
- Cumin seeds: Cumin seeds have been used for centuries as a natural remedy to alleviate digestive issues and inflammation. In some cultures, cumin seeds are also believed to help relieve anal burning discomfort.
Read More – Home Remedies for Piles
- Keep the area clean: Maintaining good hygiene is crucial in managing burning around the anus. Clean the area with mild soap and water after each bowel movement.
- Avoid spicy foods: Spicy foods can cause irritation and inflammation in the anus, leading to burning. Avoiding such foods can help alleviate symptoms.
- Stay hydrated: Drinking plenty of water can help keep stools soft and prevent constipation, which can worsen burning around the anus.
- Wear loose clothing: Tight-fitting clothing can irritate the skin around the anus, leading to burning and discomfort. Opt for loose-fitting clothing made of natural fibers like cotton.
- Exercise regularly: Regular exercise can help improve bowel movements and prevent constipation, which can worsen burning around the anus.
- Avoid sitting for prolonged periods: Sitting for long periods can put pressure on the anus and worsen burning and discomfort. Take breaks and move around regularly to prevent this.
Here are some tips to prevent anal swelling and burning –
- Practice good hygiene by cleaning the anal area with mild soap and water after bowel movements. Avoid using harsh or scented products that may irritate the skin.
- Use a soft, non-abrasive toilet paper to avoid further irritation of the anal area. Consider using moist wipes or a bidet for a more thorough cleaning.
- Avoid using douches or enemas, as they may disrupt the natural balance of bacteria in the anal area and cause irritation.
- Stay hydrated by drinking plenty of water to help soften stool and reduce the risk of constipation, which can lead to anal burning.
- Eat a balanced diet rich in fiber to promote regular bowel movements and reduce the risk of constipation.
- Avoid spicy, acidic, or greasy foods that may irritate the digestive system and lead to anal burning.
- Practice safe sex by using condoms to reduce the risk of sexually transmitted infections that can cause anal burning.
- Avoid sitting for prolonged periods of time, as this can put pressure on the anal area and lead to discomfort.
- Exercise regularly to promote healthy bowel function and reduce the risk of constipation.
- If you experience persistent anal burning, consult with a healthcare provider to rule out any underlying medical conditions.
All in all, burning in the anus can be caused due to several factors. However, it can be managed easily with the right care and precautions. If the condition can’t be managed with home remedies, one must immediately reach out to an experienced proctologist.